Afforestation and Reforestation on Degraded Lands in Northwest Sichuan, China
This is the world's first United Nations (UN) Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) -recognised afforestation and reforestation carbon credit project (CDM-AR) simultaneously developed according to the best local, national and international standards for "climate, community and biodiversity" (CCB). By integrating CCB standards with CDM protocol, this project pioneers both in China's forest management and in the CDM domain.
The project has been accredited the highest level 'Gold Level', CCB Standards First Edition, by the CCB Alliance in September 2010. Gold status is awarded to projects that satisfy one of the optional criteria by providing exceptional benefits including explicit design for adaptation to climate change, benefits for globally poorer communities, or conservation of biodiversity at sites of global conservation significance.
It is a unique project jointly developed by Chinese government authorities and international and national NGOs conservation organizations, state owned enterprise, global multinational corporations MNC and scientific / academic institutions in China.
The Project also contributes to post-earthquake (May 2008) re-development of impoverished regions of Northwest Sichuan, where many ethnic minorities live.
||Afforestation and Reforestation on Degraded Lands in Northwest Sichuan, China (UNFCCC Ref: 2700)
||CDM-AR, CCB Standards
|Project Location and Coverage:
||Total 2,251.8 hectares, spanning 5 counties (Li County, Mao County, Beichuan County, Qingchuan County and Pingwu County) in Northwest Sichuan, involving over 12,000 villagers (of which over 5,000 are ethnic minorities) living in 28 villages in 21 townships.
||Daduhe Forestation Bureau, Sichuan Province
||Shan Shui Conservation Center, Beijing
||20 years (2007 to 2026), renewable twice up to 60 years.
||Restoring over 2,250 hectares of mixed-use native forests is estimated to bring about a carbon-equivalent reduction of 460,000 tonnes over the 20-year life of the project, averaging 23,000 tonnes in a year. In addition, the managed firewood supply created as part of the project will generate synergistic emissions benefits by decreasing emissions from cutting and burning of other forested areas.
||Over 12,000 local farmers of 3,200 impoverished households will benefit from the project, including over 5,300 people of ethnic minorities. The income generation is especially important for the ethnic minorities in Beichuan, Li, Qingchuan and Mao Counties. The project activities will create over 1 million person-days of temporary employment from planting, weeding and tending, thinning and harvesting, etc. It will also create long-term job positions during the crediting period. Because of this Project, general income of local farmers and communities will improve, and so will the environment.
||This Project is located at one of the world's 34 biodiversity hotspots --- the Mountains of Southwest China, and within the forest eco-zone of the Upper Yangtze. Many forested and reforested lands covered by this Project are close to the nature reserves where many rare and endangered wildlife species live, such as giant pandas, golden monkeys and snow leopards. Cultivated with mixed native tree species, including cypress, fir, pine and birch, these manmade forests become an effective shield to protect the natural habitat of many wildlife species in the reserves nearby. They also help to reverse environmental degradation and mitigate soil erosion, which contributes to the ecological well-being of the upper reaches of the Yangtze River.
"Climate, Community and Biodiversity" (CCB) Standards:
"Clean Development Mechanism" (CDM):